HART Quarter 3 Data - cca

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  • 1.STATE OF CONNECTICUT DEPARTMENT OF CHILDREN AND FAMILIES Center for Children’s Advocacy (CCA’s) Seminar Child Sex Trafficking in Connecticut 1
  • 2.Federal Definition of Human Trafficking:Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision or obtaining of a person for… 2
  • 3.Action-Means-Purpose (AMP) Model
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  • 5.Clients Served by Region Total =210
  • 6.Gender
  • 7.Race/Ethnicity Race/Ethnicity African American/Black - 39 Caucasian - 55 Hispanic - 96 Asian – 0 Multi-racial – 18 Other - 1 Unknown - 0
  • 8.Residence at Time of Exploitation Residence at Time of Exploitation AWOL/Runaway - 7 Congregate care - 20 Detention - 1 Foster home - 38 Parent/Guardian Home -133 Relative/Other Home - 4 Shelter - 0 Missing/Unknown - 7
  • 9.HART Organization Chart Service Providers HART Director DCF HART Liaison DCF Chapter Director CT Children’s Alliance Law Enforcement HART Liaisons MDT Coordinators Faith Based Attorneys Public Awareness & Job Specific Training Labor Trafficking HART Coordinator School Outreach Medical Advocates State Agencies Emergency Medical Services Homeless Youth Advocates Survivor Informed Practice & Engagement Placement Options & Availability New Resources & Funding
  • 10.Trafficking Legislation in Connecticut Minors under the age of 18 cannot be arrested for prostitution Victims of child trafficking are guaranteed an affirmative defense, and have the right to vacate related juvenile records Victims of child trafficking can be classified as “uncared for” in order for DCF to provide services Suspected cases of Child Trafficking shall be reported to the DCF Careline (800-842-2288) Child Sex Trafficking cases are to be addressed through Multi-disciplinary Teams (MDTs) Buyers paying to sexually abuse a child can be charged with Commercial Sexual Abuse of a Minor; this crime is a Class B felony when the child being purchased is age 15 to 17 and Class A felony when the child is under the age of 15
  • 11.CT Needs Legislative Change Ensure Connecticut’s trafficking legislation aligns with the federal legislation, Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) Exchange of a sex act for anything of value, CT law requires a “fee” Hold buyers accountable, TVPA allows for buyers to be charged with trafficking Connecticut Report Card, 2018 https://sharedhope.org/PICframe8/reportcards/PIC_RC_2018_CT.pdf The “rape shield” law, does not extend to child victims of sex trafficking or CSEC crimes, no state level grand jury process State trafficking law does not apply to buyers of sex with minors Confidentiality for Child Antitrafficking Counselors does not exist Disclosure of Confidential Communication is a risk to the child
  • 12. Last 4-years HART provided 570 trainings and reached over 13,000 individuals in CT 19 Training of Trainers in our various curriculums resulting in over 200 trainers in the State Training Up the State of CT
  • 13.Connecticut Curriculums Introduction to Child Trafficking in Connecticut Introduction to Human Trafficking in Connecticut for Law Enforcement (POST Certified) Introduction to Human Trafficking in Connecticut for Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Child Trafficking Training for Medical Providers/ Emergency Medicine Sex Trafficking of Boys & Male Bodied Youth HUMAN TRAFFICKING DAY 1 and Day 2 – Child Trafficking: What is it, how to see it, and how to respond to it Fostering in the best & hardest of times: Helping foster parents care for high risk kids and child victims of commercial sexual exploitation Youth Awareness on Child Trafficking Youth Prevention - Not a #Number (Love146 https://love146.org/ )
  • 14.What are youth are telling us… ICF assessed victim experiences of, and level of satisfaction with existing services and programs for trafficking victims in CT. (January 2017) Follow-up interviews (June 2019)
  • 15.Youth Survivor Perspective – Major Themes Youth survivors had a fear of law enforcement and expressed that their limited exposure was due to a lack of trust and negative experiences with being treated as criminals. Victims did not see police as a place for help. Comfort was paramount! Survivors desired a balance of rules and comfort given the important role that service providers play in their lives. The youth emphasized that an honest opinion was needed along with a longer term support system. The adults in their lives changed often and bonds were frequently broken. The message to Judges was to look beyond what is on paper and listen to the survivor’s perspective. Youth wanted to be more involved in the process and to speak directly to the Judge. “Judges typically lock up youth,” which youth were open about and cited as the reason to continue running. Survivors overwhelmingly agreed that they did not have a say in the types of services received, nor did they feel in control of their own lives/care. ICF proprietary and confidential. Do not copy, distribute, or disclose.
  • 16.Youth Survivor Perspective The places and people that taught these young survivors about human trafficking included: How did youth survivors obtain knowledge about Human Trafficking? School presentations/programs Service providers Hospital staff Therapy/ Therapists
  • 17.Youth Survivor Perspective One survivor who was identified through a police sting shared that she had not heard of the term “human trafficking” until she was “caught in the sting” and officers explained the circumstances at the scene. When and how were they first identified as victims? Several stories were shared where youth could have been identified sooner if the people in their lives had a better understanding of human trafficking. One survivor was identified as a victim through a police sting. Seven survivors were identified as victims later through disclosure while in care. ICF proprietary and confidential. Do not copy, distribute, or disclose.
  • 18.Youth Survivor Perspective A wide range of programs, organizations, behavioral health services, and trainings: in-home programs, probation, family therapy programs, detention facilities, the role of the Department of Children and Families from their viewpoint, Not a Number, My Life My Choice, involvement of school programs, and a variety of other systems and supports that provided some type of service. What types of services did youth survivors receive? Secure Detention Facility: Strict adherence to the rules and attentiveness to the youth’s needs, it was not a desired location according to survivors. Secure facilities made the youth feel less like victims and were similar to the control exerted by their traffickers. Victim Service Provider, Love146: Known for the care backpacks and comforting staff that were “highly involved in [their] care.” This was the only service that was described as long-term and unbounded, which youth found to be gravely important. Based on comfort of survivors survivors Based on safety of survivors
  • 19.Youth Survivor Recommendations #1: AWARENESS OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING “More awareness, even for those not in the life. Like for bullies. They’ll call me whore. I’ve had that happen to me… so, AWARENESS THAT PEOPLE ARE VICTIMS.” ICF proprietary and confidential. Do not copy, distribute, or disclose.
  • 20.Youth Survivor Recommendations #2: ACCESSIBILITY OF SERVICES Service providers need a more pronounced social media presence Half of the youth survivors suggested that service providers should have a more of a social media presences such as Facebook, Snapchat, blogs, websites, TED Talks, and apps for teens. Service providers should utilize a variety of methods to connect victims and at-risk youth with services so that a multitude of victims can be reached. Law enforcement should become an immediate resource for survivors The youth survivors felt that law enforcement should be an available resource to them, however, a few of the youth had prior experiences where they had not been treated respectfully by police. ICF proprietary and confidential. Do not copy, distribute, or disclose.
  • 21.Youth Survivor Recommendations #3: COMPASSION AND HEALTHY RELATIONSHIPS Service providers should put less pressure on the survivors to talk right away and especially in group settings. Alternatively, more survivor led services and support groups that allowed survivors to talk with one another. Referrals should be more inclusive of the survivors’ thoughts and concerns, especially younger survivors who tended to feel like their voices were not heard. For law enforcement there should be survivor-led trainings on trauma-informed responses and sexual exploitation to allow police to make more meaningful connections with victims. Love146 was the model program. The program and staff that did not judge, asked for the youth’s opinion, and offered unconditional support. Judges were also described as being less supportive of victims and another entity that was unwilling to allow the victim to speak about his/her experience. ICF proprietary and confidential. Do not copy, distribute, or disclose.
  • 22.Youth Awareness: 45 to 60 minute Youth Awareness presentation to educate youth ages 12 to 18 on child trafficking; can be done in assembly format Not a #Number: 5 session prevention curriculum developed by Love 146 on Human Trafficking for girls, boys and LGBTQI youth, ages 12 to 18 My Life My Choice: 10-session Exploitation Prevention Curriculum designed to change girls’ (ages 12 to 18) perceptions of the commercial sex industry, as well as build self-esteem and personal empowerment Survivor Care – Rapid Response: Rapid Responses are one-time interventions designed to target the unique risk factors and needs of individual youth who have been identified as confirmed victims, or highly suspected victims of human trafficking Survivor Care – Long Term: Love146’s Survivor Care Therapeutic Case Management Program journeys with and provides support services to youth who are confirmed survivors of human trafficking Existing Resources in CT
  • 23.Foster Care: there are Therapeutic Foster Parents who are trained to provide support and placement for youth at high risk and/or confirmed victims of DMST in CT Mentoring: there are DMST trained mentors in CT Wilderness School: specialized events in partnership with Love146/ Survivor Care Connecticut’s Provider Network: providers are trained on child trafficking, service provision is based on the need of each individual youth Existing Resources in CT