CHOP PolicyLab Breakout, Stacey Kallem | CLASP Meeting, June 17th 2019

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  • 1.CHOP PolicyLab Breakout Stacey Kallem | CLASP Meeting June 17th 2019
  • 2.Workshop goals 2 To highlight research & clinical innovation on maternal depression and adolescent mental health from PolicyLab at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia To discuss recent policy developments that could support maternal depression
  • 3.icebreaker 3 Take 2 minutes to answer the following questions on your own and then be prepared to share with the group: What do you see as the biggest challenge in your state related to maternal depression and/or young adult mental health? What are some of the programs or policies you are exploring?
  • 4.Overview of policylab 2. CHOP Young Adult Mental Health Work 3. CHOP Maternal Depression Work 4. Policy Exploration
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  • 7.CHOP Young adult mental health Work Overview of PolicyLab CHOP Maternal Depression Work Policy Exploration
  • 8.Adolescent depression 8 Rates of depression surge in adolescence Treatments can reduce only 1/3 of the disease burden Early identification & prevention are key 22-38% of depression episodes can be prevented Deliver these prevention programs in community settings to increase access
  • 9.Clinical practice: Healthy minds healthy kids (HMHK) 9 Most youth with BH problems never receive treatment At least half of primary care visits involve BH concerns Integrated behavioral health offers an opportunity to identify youth early and get them into treatment HMHK launched in 6 practices in 2016 with a plan for expansion
  • 10.Adolescent depression screening 10 Background Beginning in 2011, PHQ-9-M screener at 16 yo WCC  2017 screener at all WCC for ages 12-21 From 2011-2014: Screening rate of 76.25% across 27 primary care practices (n = 12,690)
  • 11.Adolescent depression screening 11 Background Beginning in 2011, PHQ-9-M screener at 16 yo WCC  2017 screener at all WCC for ages 12-21 From 2011-2014: Screening rate of 76.25% across 27 primary care practices (n = 12,690) Results 74.09% of patients had scores in the normal range 19.23% had scores in the subthreshold range, and 6.73% had scores in the threshold range 8.6% of patients (N = 597) were flagged for suicide risk
  • 12.Immediate PCP Responses for Patients with Threshold Symptoms 12
  • 13.Immediate PCP Responses for Patients with Subthreshold Symptoms 13
  • 14.CHOP Maternal depression work Overview of PolicyLab CHOP Young Adult Mental Health Work Policy Exploration
  • 15.15 Children do better when their caregivers do better. Social Determinants of Health Mental/Behavioral Health Vaccinations Smoking Cessation Reproductive Health Care And more...
  • 16.16 PEDIATRICS AS A HEALTH CARE TOUCHPOINT 3 in 10 high-risk mothers do not attend the recommended postpartum visit Over 90 percent of children attend well-child visits once a year Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2007). Postpartum care visits 11 states and New York City, 2004. Child Trends Data Bank. Parental Depression, August 2014.
  • 17.17 Postpartum depression & pediatrics Development Breastfeeding Infant safety
  • 18.Clinical Practice 18 Postpartum depression screening integrated with electronic medical record Implemented through all 31 of CHOP’s Care Network sites at baby’s 2-month well visit Screening is automated, assigned at check-in where the mother is given a tablet to complete the screening Screening results flow into chart to be viewed by provider at visit; handouts, referral suggestions, follow-up recommended as needed Since 2013, more than 46,000 screenings have been completed across the CHOP Care Network
  • 19.Mental health care utilization 19
  • 20.Research portfolio overview 20 Resource Mapping Home Visiting Integration Social Media Intervention
  • 21.Future directions 21 Screening and treatment for caregivers of children with developmental disabilities Parents of children with developmental disabilities more likely to experience symptoms of depression In order to improve parental depression  support parent self-efficacy and family dynamics as a whole Supporting caregivers with substance abuse challenges Specialized services and collaborations around opioid addiction and comorbid mental health conditions
  • 22.Co-locating and/or integrating behavioral health services, including: Brief maternal health interventions within pediatric primary care Telehealth services Use of community health workers and care navigators to facilitate referrals Future directions 22 Parenting adolescents: Stoneleigh fellowship Help understand the needs of adolescent parents and male caregivers Leverage pediatric clinical setting to improve how needs of these caregivers are addressed
  • 23.Considerations for pediatric health systems 23 Unintended consequences in relationships with pediatricians Fear of DHS involvement Risk of compromising a trusted relationship between pediatrician and families Impact on attendance at pediatric and sick visits Protections in electronic medical records Boundaries in pediatrician’s role Adapting dyadic therapies to be more replicable and scalable
  • 24.Time out 24 Turn to the person next to you and discuss the following: How do these findings align with what you are seeing in your state? Where do you think more research is necessary? Do you think any of the pilots discussed (ex: home visiting co-location, Facebook, behavioral health integration) could work in your state?
  • 25.Policy exploration Overview of PolicyLab CHOP Young Adult Mental Health Work CHOP Maternal Depression Work
  • 26.Medicaid reimbursement in pediatric settings …since the maternal depression screening is for the direct benefit of the child, state Medicaid agencies may allow such screenings to be claimed as a service for the child as part of the EPSDT benefit…. Mothers who are not Medicaid eligible may receive some benefit from diagnostic and treatment services directed at treating the health and well-being of the child (such as family therapy services) to reduce or treat the effects of the mother’s condition on the child… - Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, May 2016 Some Degree of Certainty in Reimbursement Obama-era reimbursement policy recently reinforced by Trump Administration Opportunities What “counts” as dyadic therapy? Broadening to commercial payers 26
  • 27.USPSTF Prevention recommendations 27
  • 28.Early intervention & Maternal depression 28 State legislation: Maternal depression as qualifying condition for early intervention Partner with Strong Moms Strong Babies Coalition in advocacy efforts Passed PA House
  • 29.time out 29 With another partner, pick one of three policy topics discussed (Medicaid reimbursement, prevention reimbursement, early intervention referral) and discuss the following: What would be the main challenges in moving this policy forward in your state? Who are the major stakeholders you would need to engage? What are some initial steps you could take to see this through?