Metro Combined 16 Sept 2015

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  • 2.Cardiff Capital Region:the Metro and the City Deal Cllr Bob Wellington CBE Prof. Kevin Morgan Jo Salway
  • 3.Cardiff Capital Region:the Metro and the City Deal Kevin Morgan School of Planning and Geography Cardiff University
  • 4.Outline Why city-regions? Cardiff Capital Region – progress to date Metro – the key CCR project City Deals – a competitive bidding process
  • 5.Why city-regions? City-regions are now the preferred model of devolution in the UK Fuelled by the belief that urban agglomerations are the drivers of economic growth Growth is always uneven, but development can be inclusive ... if connectivity is good City-regions were advanced in England through the Localism Agenda, but are now emerging in Scotland and Wales
  • 6.Growth of City-regionalism Rapidly evolving context in England: Manchester was the pioneer – formed a Combined Authority in 2011 Multiple waves of City Deals – first wave v second wave deals Metro mayors has been a sticking point in some deals Political cohesion in the city-region is also a key ingredient Chancellor talks a lot about the “Northern Powerhouse”, but what about the “Great Western Powerhouse” of Bristol, Cardiff and Newport?
  • 7.City-regionalism in Wales Wales flirted with city-regionalism more than a decade ago the Wales Spatial Plan (2004) Edwina Hart revived the idea by commissioning the Haywood Report (2012) Haywood recommended the creation of city-regions in SE Wales and Swansea Bay City-region Boards have been in place since late 2013 Boards are cross-sectoral (public, private, academic and third sector) Tasked with setting vision and strategy
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  • 9.Connectivity in SE Wales “ seems that a more rapid movement of population up and down the valleys must be encouraged, so as to save the inhabitants of the northern towns and villages from economic isolation. How that rapidity of movement can best be secured should of course be decided by an authority responsible for a coordinated transport service throughout the Region. No such authority exists.” It beggars belief that this plea for regional connectivity was first made in 1936 in South Wales Needs a Plan (a classic book by Hilary Marquand)
  • 10.Metro Dominated CCR Board discussions and the concept owes much to the missionary work of Mark Barry Backbone of the CCR concept – connecting city with hinterland Transport infrastructure is central to city-region building in other contexts – e.g. Stuttgart, Manchester, Auckland etc Aspirations to: “Connect more people to more places” “Enable development & regeneration” “Modal shift & lower CO2”
  • 11.Mapping the Metro
  • 12.Metro Features Could involve a range of modes – electric rail, light rail and/or bus rapid transit Integration of modes through single ticketing is key Metro offers a Double Dividend – enhanced connectivity (making journeys faster and more frequent) strategic planning framework (allowing transport, housing, economic development and green infrastructure to be better integrated) The Metro is therefore much more than a transport system!
  • 13.Metro Governance and Funding Requires a commensurate governance and delivery strategy Needs a dedicated arms length body with clear remit and sense of urgency Further devolved powers (e.g. rail franchising) required £3 billion public investment (franchise/infrastructure) over 10/15 years Welsh Government Committed £580M to Phase 2 in June 2015 “… this is a game-changing project and it cannot be done in a half-hearted way. It’s got to be done properly … we fully understand this is a once in a lifetime opportunity that could transform the economic prospects of up to 1 million people in Wales.” (First Minister, March, 2015) A City Deal could provide funding for Metro along with WEFO funds
  • 14.City Deals Bilateral agreements between English cities and HM Treasury began with Greater Manchester in 2012 Long term funding for infrastructure as well as (in some cases) support for labour market and welfare programmes Key issue for a City Deal is the impact on GVA and jobs Huge variance in nature and funding between City Deals – more than 2 dozen to date No standard model of governance within city-regions - Combined Authority in Greater Manchester v Joint Cabinet in Glasgow etc
  • 15.City Deals – uneven geographies Wave 1 city deals struck for the “Core Cities” – the 8 major English city-regions outside of London (eg Sheffield, Bristol and Leeds etc) Wave 2 deals for a wider set of mid-sized cities (Plymouth, Hull, Sunderland); more modest settlements acting as compensation for missing out on Wave 1 Now moving into Scotland and Wales - involving more complex, tripartite governance arrangements Questions raised about the Chancellor making policy on the hoof – but the Tories have stolen Labour’s devolutionary clothes
  • 16.Conclusions 1 The CCR should help to overcome the barriers to collaboration across SE Wales (but must be gains for the REGION not just for the CITY) Progress will depend on forging better relations between the 10 Local Authorities and between WG and Local Authorities Metro has galvanised interest across the city-region because it is a compelling narrative and a potential game-changer Decisions on modes, financing and governance for Metro are eagerly awaited - why the delay? Plans must not be set in aspic till after the Assembly elections in May 2016
  • 17.Conclusions 2 City Deals place a huge onus on local leaders to forge a consensus and generate an offer the UK Government “can’t refuse” The CCR has been placed in a spatial competition by City Deals: “Cardiff must act now to make sure that it is not overtaken by … other ambitious cities … The moment for action is now” (Greg Clark and Stephen Crabb, August 17, 2015) An outline CCR bid was submitted to the Chancellor on 4 September and a City Deal could be announced in the March Budget But let’s remember - the outside world is not waiting for the CCR to get its act together!
  • 18.Questions?
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  • 20.A City Deal for Wales Jo Salway Deputy Director Strategic Budgeting 16 September 2015
  • 21.Background Two waves in England – 28 cities in total Each City Deal is bespoke Innovative ways to drive local growth Linked to localism agenda A deal – offering and demanding
  • 22.City Deals and Devolution More challenging… Bespoke nature and Barnett Localisation agenda And then Glasgow in 2013
  • 23.Glasgow and Clyde Valley – The Deal A three-way deal. Joint infrastructure fund Co-operative working on employment schemes Business Support Gateways to monitor progress
  • 24.A City Deal for the Cardiff Capital Region The Minister for Finance and Government Business has repeatedly pressed for a City Deal for Wales Negotiations announced in UK budget on 18 March Discussions are on-going with the UK Treasury
  • 25.What does it mean for us? A prize worth having Outside Barnett Scope for new money Link to impact on non devolved areas Bespoke – importance of strong case Partnership Governance – a sound proposition Opportunity for coherent, regional investment Learn from others
  • 26.What should we aim for? A strong proposal for Wales: Articulates our ambitions and aligns with our priorities and plans Compelling and evidence based Agile Maximises financial benefits and long term sustainable outcomes. Private sector engagement
  • 27.How can we get there? Leadership Clarity of Vision Strong commitment backed up by structures Focus on what will work for Cardiff Capital Region
  • 28.Timescales? 10 local authorities signed up 4 September deadline met No formal process now Spending Review 25 November 2015 Important to maintain momentum
  • 29.Questions?
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