Battle of the Philippine Sea

Download this Presentation

0

Presentation Transcript

  • 1.E X P E R I E N C E Y O U R A M E R I C A National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior War in the Pacific National Historical Park Commander Marvin Michael Dodge, USN (Ret.) Dave Lotz, Cultural Resources Program Manager. NPS History Revealed: Battle of the Philippine Sea June 19-20, 1944
  • 2.Imperial Japanese Navy Admiral Soemu Toyoda CinC, Combined Fleet Vice Admiral Jisaburo Ozawa Commander, Mobile Fleet
  • 3.United States Navy Admiral Ray Spruance Commander, Fifth Fleet Vice Admiral Marc Mitscher Commander Task Force 58
  • 4.Fifth aircraft carrier battle of the war Imperial Japanese Navy: 9 aircraft carriers U.S. Navy: 15 aircraft carriers
  • 5.Accompanying warships 5 battleships 11 cruisers 27 destroyers 7 battleships 18 cruisers 67 destroyers
  • 6.Carrier Fighters Mitsubishi A6M5 Zero-Sen (Zeke) Grumman F6F-3 Hellcat Crew: One Speed: 346 mph max Range: 1,118 miles Weapons: three 13.2 mm machine guns and two 20 mm machine guns Number: 225 Crew: One Speed: 380 mph max Range: 1,530 miles Weapons: six 0.50 in machine guns Number: 466
  • 7.Carrier Dive Bombers Yokosuka D4Y1 Suisei (Judy) Curtiss SB2C-1C Helldiver Crew: Two Speed: 342 mph Range: 910 miles Weapons: 1,235 lbs. of bombs two 7.7 mm machine guns one 7.92 mm machine gun Number: 108 Crew: Two Speed: 295 mph max Range: 1,165 miles Weapons: 2,000 lbs. of bombs two 20 mm cannons Number: 154
  • 8.Older Carrier Dive Bombers Aichi D3A2 (Val) Douglas SBD-5 Dauntless Crew: Two Speed: 255 mph max Range: 773 miles Weapons: 2,250 lbs. of bombs two 0.50 in machine guns two 0.30 in machine guns Number: 79 Crew: Two Speed: 239 mph max Range: 913 miles Weapons: 816 lbs. of bombs three 7.7 mm machine guns Number: 27
  • 9.Carrier Torpedo Bombers Nakajima B6N1 Tenzan (Jill) Grumman TBM-1C Avengers Crew: Speed: 298 mph max Range: 1,892 miles Weapons: 1,764 lbs. torpedo/bomb two 7.7 mm machine guns Number: 99 Crew: Three Speed: 267 mph max Range: 1,130 miles Weapons: 2,000 lbs. torpedo/bombs two 0.50 in machine guns one 0.30 in machine gun Number: 193
  • 10.Aircraft numbers Japanese Navy Carrier Fighters 225 Carrier Dive Bombers 135 Carrier Torp. Bombers 99 Land Based 420 Seaplanes 0 TOTAL 879 United States Navy Carrier Fighters 466 Carrier Dive Bombers 233 Carrier Torp. Bombers 193 Land Based 0 Seaplanes 17 TOTAL 907
  • 11.Pilots Japanese American
  • 12.Fleet Approaches, 0001K 19 June 1944 Japanese Navy steaming east from the Philippines. U.S. Navy positioned to the west of the Mariana Islands to defend the Saipan invasion of June 15, 1944.
  • 13.Considerations Prevailing Winds from the Northeast. Japanese controlled nearby airfields on Rota, Tinian and Guam. Japanese knew the locations of the American carriers days prior to the battle. The U.S. Navy did not know the locations of the Japanese carriers with the exception of infrequent submarine sightings.
  • 14.Tactical considerations Admiral Spruance primary purpose was to protect the invasion of Saipan. Admiral Spruance concerned the Japanese might divide forces and execute an “end around”. Admiral Lee, commander of USN battleships, did not want a night surface engagement.
  • 15.Submarines Japanese: Had been eliminated around the Mariana Islands American: Deployed to first sight and report the approaching Japanese fleet; Then attack.
  • 16.Marianas Turkey Shoot June 19: Aerial battle over the U.S. Carriers and over Guam June 20: Chase and attack on the Japanese carriers to the west
  • 17.Aftermath Japanese losses Aircraft: 550-645 Ships: 3 carriers, 2 oilers Men: 2,987 est. United States losses Aircraft: 123 Ships: none Men: 99 Elimination of Japanese Navy’s carrier air power Downfall of the Tojo government in Japan Successful American invasions of Saipan, Guam, and Tinian Continued 1944 westward offensive of the United States in the Pacific with invasions of Peleliu and the Philippines
  • 18.Key factors for the U.S. victory American pilot training American tactics American technology Advanced American ships and aircraft
  • 19.“It was like an old time turkey shoot down home!”
  • 20.Remnants Off Umatac Bay At Hamanatsu-Minami SDB, Japan
  • 21.Stateside Remnants USS Hornet, Alameda, CA USS Yorktown, Charleston, SC
  • 22.Thanks for your interest in our heritage and park!