ASPIN Heja Lodge April 2018

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  • 1.THE African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) Sensitisation project in nambia (ASPIN) Civil society training workshop 17-18 April 2018 Heja Lodge, Windhoek, Namibia @rhymeswbruised Swedish Residence, Pretoria Steven Gruzd (@rhymeswbruised) 27 February 2018
  • 2.Outline Workshop aims and objectives SAIIA and the APRM APRM in a nutshell Where are we now? Looking to the future ASPIN: APRM Sensitisation Project in Namibia
  • 3.Workshop aims and objectives Inform and educate Namibian civil society about the APRM and opportunities it presents Learn from other APRM country experiences Understand youth and parliament perspectives Highlight key entry points for CSOs Form an APRM Working Group Develop a draft issues list, workplan and timelines
  • 4.SAIIA and APRM Since 1934, independent, non-governmental think tank on international affairs. Turn 85 in 2019 3 programmes: AGDP, EDIP and GARP, + Youth + Portal Worked on APRM since 2002, new work on other MSIs Research, analysis, training, consulting to the Secretariat Sensitised CSOs, questionnaire revision, CSO submissions, bottlenecks to development, expanded mandate IPPR paper in February 2017 on APRM & Namibia First Windhoek trip 19-20 February 2018
  • 5.APRM in a nutshell Africa’s voluntary governance review and promotion tool established in 2003, grew out of NEPAD Belief that dialogue, peer pressure, diplomacy & civil society involvement can catalyse reform Measures adherence to African & global standards in 4 thematic areas, comprehensive, based on questionnaire “Technically competent, credible, and free of political manipulation” Set up institutions at national and continental level Self-assessment, country review mission, peer review Develop, fund, implement and report on NPoA 37/55 African states, 21+2 reviewed
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  • 8.APRM structures CONTINENTAL LEVEL Assembly of Participating Heads of State and Government (APR Forum) APR Panel of Eminent Persons Committee of Focal Points APRM Secretariat NATIONAL LEVEL Focal Point National Governing Council APRM Secretariat Technical Research Institutes
  • 9. 1st CRR published Ghana (2005) Rwanda (2005) Kenya (2006, 2018) Algeria (2007) South Africa (2007) Burkina Faso (2008) Benin (2008) Nigeria (2009) Uganda (2009) Mali (2009) Mozambique (2009) Lesotho (2010) Mauritius (2010) Ethiopia (2011) Sierra Leone (2012) Zambia (2013) Tanzania (2013) CRR not published Djibouti (2007, CRM 2015) Chad (2013, CRM 2017) Senegal (2004, CRM 2017) Sudan 2006, (2018) Uganda 2 (CRM 2017, 2018) Angola (2004) Cameroon (2004) Congo-B (2003) Cote d’Ivoire (2015) Egypt (2004) Equatorial Guinea (2014) Gabon (2003) The Gambia (2018) New or slow Liberia (2011, CRM 2017) Malawi (2004) Mauritania (2008) Namibia (2017)Niger (2012) S. Tome & Principe (2007) Togo (2008) Tunisia (2013) APRM Status in 37 Member States
  • 10.First 23 reviews 2006: Ghana, Rwanda, Kenya 2007: South Africa, Algeria 2008: Benin, Uganda, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, 2009: Mali, Mozambique, Lesotho 2010: Mauritius 2011: Ethiopia 2012: Sierra Leone 2013: Zambia, Tanzania 2017: Chad, Djibouti, Senegal, Kenya II 2018: Sudan, Uganda II
  • 11.Review Throughput
  • 12.Why does the APRM matter? Setting new norms of openness, frankness, transparency Unparalleled in breadth, sensitive subjects covered Honest reports assess governance at point in time Identifies salient issues and common problems Opens political space, normalises debate, criticism Between non-interference & non-indifference Early warning system, supports policy reform 2nd reviews allow comparisons Strengthen the brand, convince others to join Cross-boundary issues – climate, health, migration
  • 13.Challenges Logistics, support, financing, implementation, M&E CSOs: interested but difficulty making input, need stamina Media: shown modest interest – process is highly technical Time: multi-year process for most countries, slow throughput Implementation of NPoAs Has it worked? Ibrahim Index - governance has flatlined Second reviews, adapt tools Expanded mandate Universal accession
  • 14.Looking ahead 15th Anniversary celebrations – Kigali, March 2018 CRMs 2018: Côte d’Ivoire, Egypt, Niger, Mozambique (II), Ghana (II), Nigeria (II), South Africa (II) Expanded mandate from AU – Agenda2063 + SDGs Kagame reforms of AU – what impact? M&E system being totally overhauled Funding will remain critical - $200,000, SA taxpayers Impact assessment needs work Must clearly articulate achievements, added value
  • 15.APRM in SADC: A Region divided 6 reviewed: South Africa (2007), Lesotho & Mozambique (2009), Mauritius (2010), Zambia & Tanzania (2013) 2 in but slow: Malawi & Angola (joined 2004) 1 newly joined: Namibia (2017) 6 not in yet: Botswana, DRC, Madagascar, Swaziland, Seychelles, Zimbabwe
  • 16.KEY issues in SADC COUNTRY REVIEW REPORTS Reports predicted xenophobia in SA, party tensions in Mozambique, constitutional crisis in Zambia Managing diversity, electoral systems, separation of powers, corruption, public finance management Land, poverty, unemployment, education, health Inclusion of civil society crucial but contested Good diagnosis, locally rooted, but NPoAs poor Little evidence of peer pressure
  • 17.APRM in NAMIBIA – opportunity to influence Newly acceded January 2017 Institutions, personnel and plans not yet established Organised civil society can push for inclusive, transparent institutions and process, particularly NGC and TRIs Ostensibly well governed, but key challenges include poverty, inequality, one-party dominance, corruption, environment, extractives, treatment of San, LGBTI Build on SAIIA and AfRO experience to train & empower civil society and MPs – develop submissions in Lesotho, SA, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia
  • 18.SONA, 11 April 2018 President Hage Geingob's State of the Nation (SONA) speech: "Namibia is now a full member of the African Peer Review Mechanism, a process that holds through peer review great potential for our political and economic governance processes. Civil society, a critical part of the APRM has already commenced discussions, and the National Planning Commission, as the lead agency shall be mobilised to start implementing a programme of action. Our work in the APRM reinforces the urgency with which we should deal with corruption and poor governance in Africa."
  • 19.APRM Sensitisation project in Namibia(ASPIN) Work with APRM Secretariat, IPPR and PAP (OSISA & FES) Scoping visit 19-20 Feb 2018 APRM Working Group formed? Training workshop, 17-18 April Working Group Meeting Help develop written submission Validation Rollout and media strategy
  • 20.CREATING A SUBMISSION Make yourself heard, raise issues Know the rules, don’t wait for govt Identify the issues – don’t do all, but link to SAQ Gather & analyse evidence – yours & govt’s words Develop convincing written arguments, solutions Circulate draft for consensus and allies Submit to the right place at the right time
  • 21.Thank you! @rhymeswbruised#ReviveAPRM on Facebook
  • 22.Proposed methodology & timelines Form an APRM Working Group, select key focus areas, collect research, commission CSOs and experts, compile Scoping visit, 19-20 February 2018, SA 26-27 February 2018 Training workshop, 17-18 April 2018 APRM Working Group meeting, June 2018 Submission development, June-September 2018 (August) Validation, October 2018 Dissemination strategy, November 2018