greene - Industries Take Root (Pages 386-391), Industrial Revolution:, A time

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  • 1.Chapter 12: Section 1 Industries Take Root (Pages 386-391)
  • 2.Industrial Revolution: A time when the growth of industry changed the ways and places people lived. The industrial revolution in Britain affected the Textile (cloth) industry Before the Industrial revolution, families and artisan's had to had to make cloth and clothes in their homes or small shops
  • 3.Factories: New inventions allowed people to build factories to house large machines and many workers The Factory system- allowed people and machines to work together as efficiently as possible to create large amounts of a product
  • 4.Revolutionary inventions: Page 387
  • 5.Spinning jenny: Invented by James Hargreaves Spun many threads at a time to expedite work Improved by Richard Arkwright Created a water frame that used water to power more spindles and produce thread faster Edmund Cartwright made it steam powered
  • 6.James Hargreaves Richard Arkwright
  • 7.Cotton Gin Invented by Eli Whitney Made to remove the seeds from cotton Did the work of up to 50 people
  • 8.Steam power James Watt and Oliver Evans worked with the steam engine to help make its use more practical Using steam to power machinery reduced the need for water power Thus, people could now build factories away from rivers
  • 9.Industry in the United States Before the industrial revolution America produced mainly raw materials like: Cotton Lumber Iron Wheat Artisans such as Black Smiths used hand tools to make their products
  • 10.Before the American Revolution: America had depended on Britain for manufactured goods British regulations had discouraged American industry from competing
  • 11.After independence: Americans were free to share profits of the industrial revolution Some states offered rewards to people from Britain who would bring their knowledge of machines and industry to America
  • 12.Samuel Slater A 21 year old apprentice in a textile mill Memorized the design of the machines in Britain Traveled to America in disguise and helped Mosses Brown (the owner of a cotton mill in Rhode island)
  • 13.The Lowell Landmark Francis Cabot Lowell built a power loom Made it so that you could create cloth from cotton in one process in one building
  • 14.Interchangeable Parts Parts that are exactly alike Revolutionized gun-making Some workers would cut metal Others put the parts together Giving each worker a few simple jobs to do is called division of labor Division of Labor, interchangeable parts and new manufacturing methods help create mass production of goods possible
  • 15.Growing Cities In 1810 about 90% of Americans still lived on farms The industrial revolution allowed cities to grow Cities offered: more job opportunities better chances for education Libraries Theaters
  • 16.Problems with cities Clean water Fire protection Public health Over crowded living conditions Run down homes