Divided into First Class and Second Class Magistrates
4.Subordinate Courts Act (SCA)
5.Subordinate Courts Act (SCA)
A Sessions Court may hear any civil matter involving motor vehicle accidents, disputes between landlord and tenant, and distress actions. The Sessions Court may also hear other matters where the amount in dispute does not exceed RM1,000,000.
A Sessions Court has jurisdiction to try all criminal offences EXCEPT those punishable by death.
8.Section 63 and 64 of SCA 1948
The two High Courts in Malaysia have general supervisory and revisionary jurisdiction over all the Subordinate Courts
Jurisdiction to hear appeals from the Subordinate Courts in civil and criminal matters.
Cases are heard by a single judge in the High Court, or by a judicial commissioner (appointed for a term of two years).
12.ARTICLE 121 OF THE FEDERAL CONSTITUTION
13.SECTION 22 OF CJA 1984
16.SECTION 26, 27, 28 OF CJA 1964
18.COURT OF APPEAL
Only perform the function of an Appellate Court.
The highest court of appeal on matters decided by the High Court in its appellate or revisionary jurisdiction.
The second highest court in the judiciary system in Malaysia.
19.COURT OF APPEAL
22.Section 50 CJA 1964
The Federal Court is the highest court within the hierarchy of legal jurisdictions in Malaysia.
It was established under Article 121(2) of the Federal Constitution.
Decision of the Federal Court binds all the courts below.
The Federal Court is headed by the Chief Justice.