201601141142236114 - The Trial that Rocked the World, John Scopes, the comprehension

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  • 1.The Trial that Rocked the World John Scopes
  • 2.the comprehension of the text and the language points the paraphrase and translation of complicated sentences the enlargement of the vocabulary the appreciation of the devices of figuration the appreciation of the text Unit 4: Teaching Aims
  • 3.Revision 1 Study of Paras.25-43 2 Study of Paras.44-46 3 Unit 4(5): Procedures Assignment 5 Study of Paras.47-48 4
  • 4.Two of my pupils testified that I had taught them evolution, but they had not been ______ by the experience. The spectators ______ and Bryan warmed to his work. In one hand he ______ a biology text as he ______ the scientists who had come to Dayton to testify for the defence. he thundered in his ______ organ tones.
  • 5.Gone was the fierce  ______ of the days when Bryan had ______ the political arena like a ______ fire.  Their champion had not ______ the infidels with the hot breath of his  ______  as he should have.  Bryan ______ from a jug of water as Malone's voice grew in ______ He accused Bryan of calling for a  ______ to the death between science and religion.
  • 6.He is here because ignorance and bigotry are rampant, and it is a mighty strong combination 是因为愚昧和偏见还很猖獗,而且这两者又结合在一起,形成一股强大的势力。 The truth is eternal, immortal and needs no human agency to support it! " 真理是永存的、不朽的,而且并不需要依靠人的力量去维护它!
  • 7.我没有预料到会卷入这场争端。 I did not anticipate that I would get involved in this dispute.  如果你想学到一些东西,就应该自己参加到这项工作中去。 You must involve yourself in  the work if you want to learn  something 他认为这两个观点是可以一致起来的。 He thinks he can reconcile the two views 还没有进行环境影响评估筑坝工程就开工了 The construction of  the dam got under way before any environment impact assessment had been done.
  • 8.Para. 25 The audience’s respond to Malone’s idea: a storm of applause What’s the opinion of the judge? Not permit the scientists to testify for the defense
  • 9.Para. 26-29 The influence of the trail on Dayton: Streets swarming with strangers; Hawkers crying their wares; Darwin is right- inside. (figure of speech) pun Advertisements; The display of an ape.
  • 10.The figures of speech Pun: a play on words based on similarity of sound and sharp difference in meaning. Darwin is Right —Inside. Seven days without water make one weak. (week)
  • 11.Para. 26-29 Spectators paid to gaze at it and ponder whether they might be related. The poor brute cowered in a corner with his hands over his eyes, afraid it might be true. What can you see?
  • 12.Para. 26-29 The work of people in the media circle: Reporters; H. L. Mencken; 22 telegraphists; The trail was moved from the court to the street for fear that the court’s floor would collapse.
  • 13.sulphurous sulfur a chemical element. Sulfur is a pale yellow substance that produces a strong, unpleasant smell when it burns, and is used in medicine and industry. 硫磺 dispatch A news item sent to a news organization
  • 14.sat squat: to sit in a crouching position perch: to rest on an elevated place gawk: to stare or gape stupidly.
  • 15.The accused The accuser Malone’s view Audience’s reaction Which side is stronger? ? Analyzing Bryan’s view Townspeople’s reaction
  • 16.Climax? Students’ work
  • 17.Para. 30-43 Climax What are Darrow’s questions to Bryan? Did the spectators accept Darrow’s view? How do you know?
  • 18.Para. 30-43 The climax of the trail: Darrow vs. Bryan The sun was created the 4th day. Why was there morning & evening on the 1st day? The punishment of the serpent by God How did the snake go before the punishment? The acceptance of Darrow’s idea by the spectators: shaking hands with him
  • 19.Para. 30 trump card the winning card; an important advantage 王牌 His reputation as an authority on Scripture is recognized throughout the world. (figure of speech) hyperbole
  • 20.Para. 31-32 resolutely he strode to the stand, carrying a palm fan like a sword to repel his enemies. (figures of speech) simile stride to walk with long steps in a particular direction repel to successfully fight somebody(attacking you) and drive them away
  • 21.Para. 31-32 the crowd punctuated his defiant replies with fervent “Amens” punctuate to interrupt something at intervals defiant openly refusing to obey somebody (aggressively ) paraphrase and the crowd, who were mainly fundamentalists, took his words showing no fear as if they were prayers, interrupting frequently with “Amen” 旁观的人群对他的激昂的回答不时和以热烈的“阿门”的喊声
  • 22.Paras. 34-38 Bryan mopped his bald dome in silence. mop: to clean something with a mop (figures of speech) ridicule
  • 23.Paras. 34-38 snigger a quiet unpleasant laugh, especially at somebody's problems or mistakes twirl: to make something turn quickly and lightly round and round He twirled his hat in his hand.
  • 24.Paras. 39-43 livid extremely angry cast to throw (by force) slur an unfair remark about somebody that may damage other people's opinion of them cast a slur on…
  • 25.Paras. 34-38 quell to stop something (violent behavior or protests) She started to giggle, but Bob quelled her with a look. hubbub the loud sound (a lot of people talking at the same time) forlornly appearing lonely and unhappy
  • 26.Please give an analysis of the two main characters’ language, expression and action.
  • 27.Analyzing Darrow’s action, language Bryan’s action, language Audience’s reaction?
  • 28.Darrow “We are calling him as an expert on the Bible," "His reputation as an authority on Scripture is recognized throughout the world.” “How could there have been a morning and evening without any sun?” “Well, have you any idea how the snake went before that time?” quiet questioning Darrow enquired. twirled his spectacles as he pursued the questioning. Darrow shouted.
  • 29.Bryan Resolutely he strode to the stand, carrying a palm fan like a sword to repel his enemies. mopped his bald dome in silence. Bryan answered in the affirmative. Bryan turned livid. His voice rose and the fan in his hand shook in anger. Bryan stood forlornly alone. the old warrior
  • 30.spectators the crowd punctuated his defiant replies with fervent “Amens”. sniggers from the crowd The crowd laughed, the hubbub spectators pushed by him to shake Darrow’s hand.
  • 31.The accused The accuser Darrow’s view Audience’s reaction Which side is stronger? ? Analyzing Bryan’s view Judge
  • 32.paras. 44-46 The third day of the trail: the verdict Guilty; 100 $ fine plus costs; A victorious defeat; The death of Bryan
  • 33.Paras. 44-45 victorious defeat (figure of speech) Oxymoron a kind of paradox or antithesis that links together two sharply contrasting terms living deaths sweet bitterness
  • 34.Paras. 44-45 Hail…as… to describe somebody as being very good or special, especially in newspapers, etc The conference was hailed as a great success
  • 35.Analyzing Why is my trial a victorious defeat ? guilty, drawing the attention of the people all over the United States to this issue. Why did Bryan die two days after the trial?
  • 36.Para. 46 The narrator: Going to Chicago to pursue the study of science Becoming a geologist for an oil company
  • 37.Paras. 47-48 What are the changes of Dayton? A William Jennings Bryan University Evolution is taught there.
  • 38.Para. 47 But now there is a William Jennings Bryan University on a hill-top overlooking the valley. University------Bryan against knowledge, science and new ideas, to spread knowledge, science and new ideas.
  • 39.Para. 48 The oratorical storm…the passing years: paraphrase The battle Darrow and Malone fought in the little court in Dayton drew attention all over the country. It brought changes in the U.S. and paved the way for the spreading of the concept that people should be allowed to express ideas freely. Today, free expression of ideas is accepted by most people.
  • 40.Para. 48 Translate 达罗和马隆在带顿小小法庭上掀起的那场辩论,犹如一股春风,吹遍了美国的学校和立法机构。随之而来的是日益浓厚的思想学术自由的新气象。
  • 41.Analyzing What do you feel about this narrative? Did the author add his emotion? How did the author achieve it? What have you learned from the narrative?
  • 42.The changes brought by the trial The setting of the scene(1-9) Opening scene (1-2) Flashback 3-9) The trial (10-46) Day 1(10-15) Day 2(16-43) Day 3(44-46) Outside atmosphere (. 10) Judge and jury (.11-12) Preliminary fight (.13-15) Witnesses against me (16-19) Bryan VS. Malone (20-25) Outside atmosphere (26-29) Darrow VS. Bryan (30-43) The verdict The ending (47-48)
  • 43.Thank You !