# 04 Remember the structures of the muscular system, 04 Remember

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#### Presentation Transcript

• 1.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system
• 2.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system Essential Question What are the structures of the muscular system? 2
• 3.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system The Muscular System Comprises nearly half our weight. Over 650 muscles. Each muscle is made up of hundreds or thousands of muscle fibers. 3
• 4.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system The Muscular System:Muscle Fibers Bundles of threadlike structures called myofibrils Composed of: Myosin Actin Form overlapping pattern called sarcomere muscle muscle fiber sarcolemma sarcomere functional unit of muscle movement 4
• 5.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system Structures of the muscular system Muscles Skeletal Smooth Cardiac Sphincter 5 Connective tissue Tendons Fascia
• 6.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system Structures of the muscular system Types of muscle Skeletal Smooth Cardiac Sphincter 6
• 7.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system Structures of the muscular system Types of Muscle Skeletal muscles Attached to bone Striated (striped) appearance Voluntary Multinucleated muscle cell bundles 7
• 8.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system Structures of the muscular system Types of Muscle Smooth muscles Also known as visceral muscles Involuntary Located in walls of digestive system, uterus & blood vessels 8
• 9.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system Structures of the muscular system Types of Muscle Cardiac muscle Found only in the heart Striated, branched Involuntary Cells are fused- when one contracts, they all contract, creating the heartbeat 9
• 10.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system Structures of the muscular system Types of Muscle Sphincter muscles Also called dilator muscles Special, circular muscles Located in the digestive system urinary system 10
• 11.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system Structures of the muscular system Types of Muscle Skeletal Smooth Cardiac Sphincter 11
• 12.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system Structures of the muscular system 12 Types of Connective tissue Tendons Fascia
• 13.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system Structures of the muscular system 13 Connective tissue Tendons dense bands that connect skeletal muscle to the bone
• 14.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system Structures of the muscular system 14 Connective tissue Fascia Fibrous connective tissue sheets that wrap around muscle bundles
• 15.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system How do skeletal muscles get their names? Location Size Direction Number of origins Location of origin and insertion Action flexor Extensor Depressor 15 However, not all muscles are named by the above methods!
• 16.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system Head & Neck Muscles 16
• 17.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system Torso/Trunk(anterior) 17
• 18.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system Torso/Trunk(anterior) 18
• 19.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system Torso/Trunk(posterior) 19
• 20.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system Upper extremities 20
• 21.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system Lower extremities 21
• 22.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system The muscular system reviewAnterior view 22
• 23.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system The muscular system reviewPosterior view 23
• 24.1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular system 1.04 Remember the structures of the muscular systemEssential Question What are the structures of the muscular system? 24