Name of TTU - Frontline Responses: How to Handle Sexual Assault Disclosures, Dr, Marta Kvande

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  • 1.Frontline Responses: How to Handle Sexual Assault Disclosures Dr. Marta Kvande, Associate Professor of English Dr. Amy Murphy, Dean of Students Dr. Elizabeth Sharp, Associate Professor HDFS Dr. Ty Stafford, Student Counseling Center
  • 2.Title IX “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.” Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972
  • 3.Title IX Violations A school violates Title IX if it “has notice” of a sexually hostile environment and fails to take immediate and effective corrective action. A school has notice if a responsible employee knew or, in the exercise of reasonable care, should have known about the harassment. A reasonable employee includes any employee who: Has the authority to take action to redress the harassment; Has the duty to report to appropriate school officials sexual harassment or any other misconduct by students or employees; or A student could reasonably believe has the authority or responsibility Whether an employee is a responsible employee or whether it would be reasonable for a student to believe the employee is will vary depending on various factors (i.e. age & educational level, position held by employee, procedures) Association of Title IX Administrators. Lewis, W.S., Schuster, S. K., Sokolow, B.A. (2011-2013). Various presentations and publications. National Center for Higher Education Risk Management.
  • 4.The IX Commandments Investigation Process Remedies Association of Title IX Administrators. Lewis, W.S., Schuster, S. K., Sokolow, B.A. (2011-2013). Various presentations and publications. National Center for Higher Education Risk Management.
  • 5.When might you become aware of sexual violence, harassment or discrimination that should be reported? Direct contact from a student, parent, other individual to you You witness an incident Information from an indirect source such as a community member or media Information on flyers, event announcements, or social media Partnership for Student Success
  • 6.Who do you report to? Deputy Title IX Coordinator for Students Dr. Amy Murphy, Dean of Students 201 Student Union Building (806) 742-2984 Student Resolution Center/Title IX Investigators Michael Henry or Shawn Adams 232E Student Union Building (806) 742-SAFE (7233) Partnership for Student Success
  • 7.What must be reported? According to the Department of Education, Office of Civil Rights, 2014 Questions and Answers on Title IX and Sexual Violence: All relevant details about the alleged sexual violence that the student or another person has shared and that the school will need to determine what occurred and to resolve the situation. Name(s) of the alleged perpetrator (if known) Name(s) of the student(s) who experienced the alleged sexual violence Other students involved in the alleged sexual violence Other relevant facts (dates, times, locations) For Clery Campus Crime Reporting, this information is also helpful: Was a police report filed? With what agency? When? Was alcohol, drugs, or weapons involved? Were specific injuries reported to you? Partnership for Student Success
  • 8.What happens when you report? Identify a way to transition the student or reporting party to a trained staff member to identify options and resources with them Provide the student with immediate remedies and resources Prioritize the wishes of the complainant related to participation in an investigation and other processes while weighing the interests of the campus community and the possibility of a continuing threat A respect for student privacy while utilizing a collaborative team to ensure assistance & response for the student and campus community Partnership for Student Success
  • 9.Potential Effects of Trauma Anxiety Fear Hypervigiance Panic Attacks Phobias Nightmares Flashbacks Depressive reactions Sadness Hopelessness Anhedonia Suicidality Self-harm Partnership for Student Success
  • 10.Potential Effects of Trauma Anger Denial Physical reactions Somatization Emotional Dysregulation “All or Nothing” Dissociation Self-blame Partnership for Student Success
  • 11.Triggers Anything that calls back to the event and sets of a flashback or difficult memory Sight, Sound, Smell, Taste, Touch “Trigger Warning” Secondary Traumatization Helping Professionals Police Court Partnership for Student Success
  • 12.Things Not to Do Blame the victim “A devaluing act where the victim of a crime, an accident, or any type of abusive maltreatment is held as wholly or partially responsible for the wrongful conduct committed against them.” “If you hadn’t been drinking…” “Is it possible you just don’t like that you had sex?” “Why… were you there?” didn’t you fight back?” did you dress like that?” did you take so long to tell someone?” “You should…” Report Confront Make promises you can’t keep Partnership for Student Success
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  • 14.Things to Do Listen Suggest and provide information Be Patient Car analogy Be honest about your limitations and your requirements Give yourself permission to be anxious and to not have all the answers Don’t expect to be perfect Apologize if you say the wrong thing Know your resources and responsibilities Refer Bring in support Check-in Take care of yourself Partnership for Student Success
  • 15.Helping Skills Attending Open-ended Questions Paraphrasing Clarifying Summarizing Information giving Problem-solving Partnership for Student Success
  • 16.Practice Scenario A student comes to you in tears after class to indicate that she was not able to study for today’s exam and is afraid she has failed it. She shares that her fiancé was violent with her over the weekend and would not let her leave his house for several hours. She insists that she is a good student and won’t let this happen again in the future. Partnership for Student Success
  • 17.Scenario 1 A student who is talking to you about her graduate school prospects explains the reason she made an F in a course was that she was uncomfortable sitting in the same classroom with a girl who had raped her at a party. Partnership for Student Success
  • 18.Scenario 2 After missing several classes, a student visits your office and indicates that she missed class because she was hospitalized for a suicide attempt. When you express concern, she further explains that she tried to kill herself because she was raped after attending a fraternity party. Additional, she shares that her mother and others have blamed her for “causing it” by drinking too much the night the rape occurred. Partnership for Student Success
  • 19.Scenario 3 A male student visits your office hours clearly upset and embarrassed. The student is in your mid-size course and sits near the back of the class. He shared that almost every class two female students make flirtatious comments to him, including comments about his body. He states that he has told the them he is in a committed relationship and that the comments make him uncomfortable, but they have continued to make the comments. He has mentioned his concern to some friends, but they say it isn’t “a big deal,” that he should just “enjoy” the attention, and that he should “go for it” with these women. Partnership for Student Success
  • 20.Scenario 4 An international graduate student in your department shares with you that she is not feeling comfortable in her research lab because the lab supervisor has asked her out several times and made comments that they should “spend more time together” to help her with her research. She tells you that she reported her concerns to the senior faculty member who oversees the lab and research. This faculty member told her not to make a “big deal” out of it because the lab is grant-funded and she should not do anything to “cause trouble.” The faculty member said she should just try to get along with everyone in the lab and the problem will resolve itself. Since that time, the lab supervisor seems to know she said something and the comments have escalated to telling her she better “watch out” what she says because she could be “ruined” in the department. Partnership for Student Success
  • 21.Scenario 5 A student in your class indicates she is pregnant and will be having her baby late in the semester. She hopes to be able to complete the class without any problems, but there is a possibility that she may have the baby before the class is finished. She also shares that she talked to her faculty advisor about the pregnancy and was worried because the advisor’s reaction was to say “Oh, what will this do to your job prospects?! You have been a top student for us.” Partnership for Student Success
  • 22.Resources TTU Student Counseling Center Individual, Group, and Couples counseling Journey to Wholeness Partnership for Student Success
  • 23.Optional Syllabus Statement TTU Resources for a Safe Campus Texas Tech University is dedicated to providing a safe and equitable learning environment for all students. Discrimination, sexual assault, and harassment are not tolerated by the university. You are encouraged to report any incidents to The Student Resolution Center: (806) 742-SAFE (7233). The TTU Counseling Center ( provides confidential support (806-742-3674) and the Voices of Hope Lubbock Rape Crisis Center has a 24-hour hotline: 806-763-RAPE (7273). For more information about support, reporting options, and other resources, go to: Partnership for Student Success
  • 24.References Association of Title IX Administrators. Lewis, W.S., Schuster, S. K., Sokolow, B.A. (2011-2013). Various presentations and publications. National Center for Higher Education Risk Management.