Communists led by Mao Zedong won the struggle against Chiang Kai-Shek’s pro-west government in 1949.
Chairman Mao created the People’s Republic of China
Chiang Kai-Shek retreated to Taiwan-- U.S. recognized that as the official government of China.
Soviets gave Mao support
U.S. considered this a great loss
Sparked need for containment policies in Asia
China and the Soviet Union began to split and became rivals in Asia (political and territorial)
U.S. encouraged this split in 1970s
5.NIXON’S VISIT TO CHINA
1972 President Nixon visited China to ease tensions
U.S. is still concerned about Chinese human rights abuses.
Richard Nixon became the first U.S. president to visit China. This photo, from the Great Wall of China, was taken Feb 24.
China continues to oppress free thought and democracy.
China put down a pro- democracy march at Tiananmen Square in 1989.
Communism is fading as U.S. increases its role.
This lone man risked his life to defy tanks during the 1989 Tiananmen Square protest. How strongly do you feel about YOUR rights?
7.America and Korea:
American involvement in the Korean War in the early 1950s reflected the American policy of containment
Korea was divided into communist North Korea and pro-west South Korea after WW II
The division line was along the 38th parallel
9.Korean War Begins:
North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950.
U.N. sanctioned military intervention.
U.S. military forces led the counter attack
Fighting with the 2nd Inf. Div. north of the Chongchon River, Sfc. Major Cleveland, weapons squad leader, points out Communist-led North Korean position to his machine gun crew. Notice that these are INTEGRATED troops?
UN Forces were placed under the command of General MacArthur
UN reached the far north (Yalu River) and threatened China at its border.
Douglas MacArthur’s command was cut short when he was relieved by President Truman after the General publicly criticized the President’s war policies.
Chinese forces crossed the river and pushed forces back to 38th Parallel
A stalemate continued for 2 years
The war ended with this stalemate
South Korea remained “free” and the Korea is still divided today!
Our Communist Neighbor
Led a communist revolution against the pro-west Batista government in 1959
Many Cubans fled to the U.S. (Miami/ NY)
Castro aligned with the Soviet Union
14.Bay of Pigs Invasion: 1961
CIA trained Cuban exiles invade to overthrow Castro
Attempt failed miserably-- all dead or captured.
Castro became fearful of future invasions!
Kennedy gave the go-ahead for the
invasion at the Bay of Pigs three months into his presidency. The plan was a miserable failure.
15.Cuban Missile Crisis: October, 1962
U.S. discovered Soviet missiles in Cuba
U.S. demanded they be taken out.
Soviets refused and a standoff began
The world was on brink of nuclear war...
A photograph of the missile launch stations in Cuba. This picture was taken by a U-2 spy plane. These pictures shocked President Kennedy and nearly caused global disaster!
16.End to the Cuban Missile Crisis
Soviets hesitated (“blinked”)
Soviets took down the missiles
U.S. apologized for Bay of Pigs and promised to not invade Cuba.
A nuclear war was avoided.
Cuba is still a communist nation.
The U.S. continues its trade embargo.
There are still many human rights issues in Cuba.
Will the end of Castro be the end of communist Cuba?